Category: Iron Age

Barwick in Elmet Iron Age Hill Fort

“The scale and function of the earthworks, which may comprise a rampart, a ditch and a counterscarp bank, is massive and assumed to be defensive though large univallate hillforts may have been built on the sites of earlier non-defensive enclosures such as slight univallate hillforts. In area large univallate hillforts vary between 1 and 10 hectares.

Castle Hill, Almondbury

Underneath these medieval earthworks is a series of earlier defenses which dates back to the early Iron Age. This was the building which burned down and it is regarded as one of Yorkshire’s most important early Iron Age hill forts, it is one of Yorkshires true multi-valet hill forts and gives the impression of a tribal capital of a significant region, given the lack of similar hill forts in the region.

The Kingdom of Venutius

The Kingdom of Venutius – Brigantia – AD 69 “Inspired by these differences between the Roman forces and by the many rumours of civil was that reached them, the britons plucked up courage under the leadership of Venutius, who, in addition to his own natural spirit and hatred of the Roman name, was fired by …

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The Gallus Frontier – Brigantia against the Romans

The Gallus Frontier – Roman Rig and associated Iron Age Forts     The Gallus frontier, outlined in blue, south of the line, the Roman fortifications, to the north, Venutius’ kingdom. The Frontier changes made by Gallus In “Rome against Caratacus” Graham Webster put forward the proposal that Gallus was forced to remodel the existing …

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Cerne Abbas Giant, Dorset

Cerne Abbas Giant – Cerne Abbas, Dorset

Timeline 60BC – 138AD

Roman/Celtic Time Line The Celts were the dominant force in western Europe in the mid to late Iron Age, reaching a peak during the mid 1st millenium BC. In fact it was the sack of Rome by the Celts which stimulated the Romans to re-fortify and ultimately become the dominant military force in Europe for …

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