Period: Dark Ages

Early Christian syncretism and how the old ones hid amongst the new religion

Syncretism is where two or more differing beliefs become merged. In England, this first happened under Roman rule, where many pre-existing Celtic shrines to specific deities were associated with Roman deities of the same qualities or attributes. Based on extensive research, I am now confident that in Britain, the early Christians undertook a similar process and with that knowledge, we should be able to reverse engineer, to some extent, our local Brigantian Celtic pantheons.

Syncretism through the ages

Syncretism, the amalgamation of different religions, cultures, or schools of thought, has its roots in the ancient world.

The growth of Christianity 50AD – 1100AD

We look at the development of Christianity from 50AD to 1100AD in both the broader European context and also for the people of Brigantia.

Agricultural practices through time

Prehistoric Yorkshire is a landscape rich with history, revealed through various archaeological finds that offer a glimpse into the ancient past. The oldest evidence of human activity in this region dates back to around 125,000 years ago, but it is the later periods, particularly the Iron Age, that have yielded significant discoveries related to ploughing and farming.

The walled gardens of Brigantia

This report introduces walled gardens and the concept that they are an attempt to create a paradise on earth, in accordance with a long history of religious and spiritual thought that played a significant role in shaping our relationship with nature, and the design of high status estates.

Hall Tower Hill and Wendel Hill – Barwick in Elmet

The massive earthworks at Barwick and the continuation of the same profile alongside the River Cock to Aberford and beyond point to it being a place of importance as a large hillfort of some 15 acres. There were several hillforts in northern Britain when it was inhabited by a Celtic tribe called the Brigantes.

Brigantia during the Dark Ages

Yorkshire’s history during the Dark Ages is a tapestry of cultural shifts and invasions, beginning with the departure of the Romans in the early 5th century. This period saw the region become a melting pot of Celtic Britons, and later, the Angles and Vikings, each leaving a distinct imprint on the cultural landscape.

The Gododdin (Y Gododdin)

Possibly, the earliest documented battle on Brigantian soil, is described in Y Gododdin, which is a medieval Welsh poem, revered as one of the earliest surviving examples of Welsh/Brythonic poetry, and is attributed to the bard Aneirin.

The use of the word Lady in relation to water related structures

Lady Bridge in Tamworth is a historical structure with medieval origins, serving as a testament to the town’s rich past. Initially constructed to span the River Tame, the bridge has undergone several transformations throughout the centuries. The original wooden bridge dates back to 1294.

Tor Dyke

Tor Dyke appears to have been attributed to Venutius which dates it of the period AD 52 – 70. The presence of a legionary size marching camp a few miles to the southwest at Malham certainly indicates an active role in the Roman advance of AD 70. However, given the lack of published research so far a clear picture has yet to emerge.

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